Cryogenic Expansion Joints
An increasing number of industries are using cryogenic piping systems to store and transport materials at very low temperatures. This has a range of benefits for different sectors, making it possible to use materials more efficiently and saving time and money.
What are cryogenic pipes, how do cryogenic piping systems differ from conventional piping systems, and what are the advantages of using them?
What are Cryogenic Piping Systems?
Cryogenic piping systems are made up of pipes that are capable of processing substances at very low temperatures. These temperatures are known as cryogenic. The cryogenic temperature range runs from −150 °C to −273 °C, or absolute zero. This is the temperature at which molecular motion comes as close as possible to ceasing completely.
Cryogenic piping systems are used across a range of different industries, wherever substances that are maintained at very low temperatures are used. Cryogenic piping systems allow for the use of liquefied gases and other substances. Using cryogenic systems, gases can be liquefied, making their storage and transportation much simpler as they use less space. Some of the industries where this is particularly useful include the medical industry, transportation, the food and chemicals industry. Cryogenic materials need to be handled carefully as they can cause cold burns and frostbites,
Why Use Cryogenic Piping Systems?
Cryogenic piping systems are designed to deliver cryogenic materials to where they are needed safely. A normal piping system is unable to process gas in a liquid state due to the very low temperatures involved. Cryogenic liquids can produce significant quantities of gas as they evaporate. When this happens in a closed environment, such as piping, it can lead to the piping bursting under strong pressure. As a result, cryogenic piping requires special types of materials, fixtures and valves that can cope with extremes of temperature and pressure.
Cryogenic piping systems must be able to cope with significant thermal stresses and must contain adequate flexibility. The piping will be insulated to ensure the necessary low temperatures for the materials being transported within the system and for safety reasons.
Cryogenic piping systems make it possible for a growing number of industries to benefit from transporting cryogenic materials in liquefied form, making the process quicker and more efficient.
The Importance of Cryogenic Expansion Joints
Cryogenic expansion joints are critical to the effective and safe functioning of cryogenic piping systems. These are specially designed joints that can handle extreme temperatures and thermal movements generated by cryogenic applications. They are typically constructed with materials that are capable of withstanding low temperatures, such as stainless steel and nickel alloys.
Specialist Piping Supplies from a Trusted Supplier
At Stourflex, we specialise in providing piping supplies for a wide range of industries. Our commitment to quality combined with exceptional customer service sets us apart from the competition. All of our products undergo rigorous testing and quality control standards to ensure they meet the highest performance standards.
If you’d like to find out more about cryogenic piping systems and cryogenic expansion joints our knowledgeable and experienced team will be happy to help.
Contact our team to find out more.